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Iran, Central Asia, and China: a particular perspective in the Silk Road’s topic
Prof. Bruno Genito
Chair of Iranian Art and Archaeology
Department: Asia, Africa and Mediterraneo
Università degli Studi di Napoli, L'Orientale
San Domenico Maggiore square, no 12- 80134, Napoli, Italy
This paper will deal with the particular role of ancient Iranian and Central Asian cultures from the 6th century BC to the 6th century AD. The topic will also include the cultural centrality of the paths, images, and material culture along the Silk Road., presented in unchronological fashion. The centrality and importance of the territory, settlements, rest stations, military garrisons, and forts along the routes of trade will also be discussed. The Unitarian relationship between settlements, trade routes, geo-environmental conditions, land use, and water supply and control is seen in the perspective of a phenomenon of political structure based on work at various levels and in various specialities. This political structure virtually “invented” a modern economy, dominated by the market and not by state power.