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A Comparative Study of the Kucha Grotto Murals and Mulasarvastivada-Vinayaksudrakavastu
Zhao Li
The theme of many stories pictured in the Kucha grottoes murals corressponds to story plots from the Mulasarvastivada-Vinayaksudrakavastu, although the contents of this theme is also present in other Buddhist Sutras. After comparative study, some of the contents have been found to be unique to Vinaya-ksudraka-vastu, especially themes related to the Buddha’s life story and the theme of nirvana, etc. In conclusion, the pictorial themes of the Kucha grotto murals have the closest relation with the Vinayaksudrakavastu, and these themes reflect which Buddhist schools were popular in the Kucha grottoes.